A bottom-up approach is the piecing together of systems to give rise to grander systems, thus making the original systems sub-systems of the emergent system. In a bottom-up approach the individual base elements of the system are first specified in great detail. These elements are then linked together to form larger subsystems, which then in turn are linked, sometimes in many levels, until a complete top-level system is formed. This strategy often resembles a "seed" model, whereby the beginnings are small but eventually grow in complexity and completeness.
The same manners are characteristic for groups which pointing out social factors not visible for people who get used to it. One of such a process I would like to describe as a part of social Participation in NYC which has it`s beginning in Street Art (probably Banksy). One of the main problems in a huge cities are turists. As we all know they have their own regulations of behave, speed of traveling and time zones during the day. Depend on the city zones that might be really problematic in such a place like manhattan where rush life of business center does not correspond with one of the most famous tourist attraction in US.
Even if it`s a problem, people from NYC get their own rules how to avoid it (described by city citizen):
1. If possible, avoid midtown and downtown during rush hours and the lunch hour. Otherwise be prepared for a lot of people moving a lot of different directions fast.
2. Move quickly (and if you can’t move quickly, stay to the side).
3. If you get confused, pull over. This is a good default. Whatever happens, avoid standing with a large group in the middle of a narrow sidewalk or primary thoroughfare of a subway station. Also, move all the way into the subway car–don’t just stop in the doorway.
4. Don’t cut people off. If you are headed for one turnstile with a line that seems to be moving too slow, don’t think you can just move over to the next one (change lanes) without checking to make sure there isn’t anyone else coming through. It’s called merging!
5. If you are in a group, try to limit walking more than two across or you will effectively block all the people behind you from passing you (which will not make them very happy).
I also have a few more practical tips about the NYC subway system. As I approach my one year anniversary in the city next week, I think I am finally qualified to offer them. Please feel free to add to this list in the comments.
1. People are more than happy to help you figure out which train to take–just ask.
2. While New Yorkers are more than happy to help, you might catch them travelling on a train they don’t use very often, so don’t be surprised if they don’t know the answer to your question.
3. Construction is constant. If you can find out what lines you’ll be using the most, then you can go to www.mta.info and look up any irregularities about the trains’ schedules.
4. On many subway train lines there is an express and a local train. It’s pretty easy to see which stops the trains make on the subway map. However, on many lines the local train stops running at night and the express train may or may not run local. An example are the blue line trains (A express/C local) and two of the orange line trains (B local/D express). These four trains meet at 59th street (Columbus circle) and run along the same path for several blocks to the north. If you want to get off at a local stop like 72nd or 86th street, you have to take a C or B train. But, the B doesn’t run at night, and the D doesn’t run local. So you have to take a C train. However, the C is under construction right now, so the A is actually running local at night these days.
That is why community of NYC can afford some relly attractive/untypical intervention which will create a public discussion how to upgrade… transit, by creating lines for tourists and NYC residents
Obviously, the lanes wouldn't be designated for "tourists and "New Yorkers." Some tourists walk briskly and some New Yorkers walk slowly, and it makes no sense for them to be relegated to a lane that doesn't match their speed preference. Sometimes, even regularly fast-paced New Yorkers will decide to walk slowly, like when they have a lot of time to kill, when they're trying not to sweat before a date or interview, when they're high, or when they're stunned after seeing The Sixth Sense for the first time. Plus, the only way to enforce the separation of tourists and New Yorkers would be to inspect I.D.'s, and then we're basically Arizona at that point.
So the lanes would simply be "fast" and "slow." As on the highway, you could move in and out of lanes to get around someone else, but if you're walking straight ahead, you would do so in the lane that matched your speed. Of course, people could just easily ignore the lanes entirely. But if even some people adhered to them, it would make foot travel a little more efficient, more enjoyable, and you wouldn't feel the urge to punch a slow walker in the back of the head as often.
Who are the main Stakeholders of this public participation plan for creating a lines for trourists.
First – are a Tourists. Tourism in New York City includes nearly 47 million foreign and American tourists each year. In 2010, New York City had a record number of tourists with 48.7 million.Since the United States economy is still recovering, Mayor Michael Bloomberg's goal is to break the record again in 2012 by drawing more than 50 million tourists.
Second – NYC Residents. New York is the most populous city in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population stood at a record high of 8,175,133, a 2.1% increase from the 8 million counted in 2000. Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg immediately challenged the Census Bureau’s 2010 data as representing an undercount upon release. This amounts to about 40% of the state of New York's population and a similar percentage of the metropolitan regional population. In 2006, demographers estimated that New York's population will reach between 9.2 and 9.5 million by 2030.
TO BE CONTINUED